Sat. Apr 13th, 2024

Editor’s Note: In the latest edition of our Industry News – Cybersecurity Beat, we cover the intricate web of cybersecurity challenges and geopolitical maneuvers that underscore the current international landscape. “China’s Covert War in Europe: Cyber Espionage to Strategic Dominance” unveils the unique strategies employed by China to assert its influence and technological supremacy across Europe, posing significant threats to Western security and democratic integrity. Through comprehensive insights from NATO allies’ security reports, intelligence revelations, and expert analyses, this article highlights the urgent need for heightened cybersecurity vigilance, international cooperation, and strategic foresight among cybersecurity, information governance, and eDiscovery professionals. As China’s endeavors to embed its influence in key infrastructures and the digital domain become increasingly apparent, the piece emphasizes the key role of robust defense mechanisms and the critical importance of safeguarding democratic values and technological sovereignty in the face of evolving global threats.

Content Assessment: China's Covert War in Europe: Cyber Espionage to Strategic Dominance

Information - 93%
Insight - 94%
Relevance - 92%
Objectivity - 92%
Authority - 93%



A short percentage-based assessment of the qualitative benefit expressed as a percentage of positive reception of the recent article from ComplexDiscovery OÜ's cybersecurity beat titled, "China's Covert War in Europe: Cyber Espionage to Strategic Dominance."

Industry News – Cybersecurity Beat

China’s Covert War in Europe: Cyber Espionage to Strategic Dominance

ComplexDiscovery Staff

Threats to the West: China’s Push for Political Influence and Technological Hegemony

A wave of security reports from multiple NATO allies paints a stark picture of intensified geopolitical challenges led predominately by Chinese efforts to embed its influence in European infrastructure and the daily lives of Western citizens. A recent annual report by the Norwegian intelligence agency highlighted the pervasive activities of Chinese intelligence networks across Europe, engaging in political intelligence, industrial espionage, and leveraging cyberspace as their primary arena. “Chinese intelligence services operate all over Europe” and remain concealed by utilizing “commonly available tools and digital infrastructure,” the report states.

The Netherlands faced a tangible manifestation of this threat when Chinese state-backed hackers infiltrated a Dutch military computer network by introducing malware last year. Further corroborating this coordinated attack, the FBI revealed last month it disrupted a sophisticated botnet, established by Chinese sanction-backed hackers, intended for ‘critical infrastructure’ targets. This international concern was echoed by intelligence chiefs from the U.S., U.K., Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, who pointed out Beijing’s unprecedented scale of intellectual property theft.

The implicating activities extend beyond the cloak of cyberspace to encompass the economic realm, raising alarm over reliance on value chains where control is markedly skewed. The Norwegian report voiced unease over dependencies notable in the mineral refinement technologies, significantly controlled by China. This disproportionate influence offers China “the ability and the will” to leverage such dependencies to exert political pressure, particularly in light of international sanctions on Russia, thereby challenging the current world order.

Further south, Estonia’s Foreign Intelligence Service, in its annual report, spotlighted the expanding threat of Chinese technology. The report cautions how Chinese state-owned companies, already nudged out from 5G networks, are targeting new sectors like the electrical grid. These encroachments are part of larger strategic efforts “to enhance its political influence” while “exporting its standards,” as summarized by the Estonian spy agency’s chief, Kaupo Rosin.

Both nations are gravely concerned about the regions close to their borders; Norway with the Arctic and Estonia with the Baltic Sea. Their reports imply that Russia, another common adversary, intends to gain military predominance in the Baltic. Estonia’s strategic evaluation predicts a future where NATO could confront a mass army, reminiscent of the Soviet era, demanding heightened preparedness and capability.

Heightening the cyber threat stakes, FBI Director Christopher Wray, at the Munich Security Conference, stressed the alarming scale of cyberattacks hailing from China. The menace, reaching a “fever pitch,” involves Chinese hackers targeting U.S. oil and natural gas companies since as early as 2011. Wray advocated for substantial U.S. investment in cyber capabilities as a measure to counter this pervasive threat.

This narrative of cyber warfare and espionage is reinforced by a joint report from Microsoft and OpenAI, which outlines the employment of advanced artificial intelligence tools by adversaries such as Russia and China to enhance their hacking prowess. In this digital combat arena, large language models (LLMs) are being utilized for tasks ranging from researching vulnerabilities to formulating attack strategies.

The unwavering efforts of these rivals are manifested in a plethora of pursuits as described by Microsoft’s threat intelligence strategic director, Sherrod DeGrippo. For instance, Russian teams are focusing on satellite and radar technologies relevant to warfare, while North Korean and Iranian hackers probe experts on military capabilities and seek sophisticated methods to dupe and dodge electronic detection. The intent is lucid: to undermine Western dominions and, as Wray puts it, to advance China’s hacking program which dwarfs that of all other major nations combined.

The very fabric of democracy is at stake, according to experts who fear the malicious potential of AI in amplifying disinformation. This is notably critical as numerous nations head toward elections, posing risks not only to individual security but also to the integrity of democratic processes.

While the West grapples with the multifaceted nature of these threats, the overarching goal remains clear: the need to bolster defense mechanisms, fortify international alliances, and secure the technological frontiers that have become the new battlegrounds in this covert war.

News Sources

Assisted by GAI and LLM Technologies

Additional Reading

Source: ComplexDiscovery OÜ


Have a Request?

If you have information or offering requests that you would like to ask us about, please let us know, and we will make our response to you a priority.

ComplexDiscovery OÜ is a highly recognized digital publication focused on providing detailed insights into the fields of cybersecurity, information governance, and eDiscovery. Based in Estonia, a hub for digital innovation, ComplexDiscovery OÜ upholds rigorous standards in journalistic integrity, delivering nuanced analyses of global trends, technology advancements, and the eDiscovery sector. The publication expertly connects intricate legal technology issues with the broader narrative of international business and current events, offering its readership invaluable insights for informed decision-making.

For the latest in law, technology, and business, visit


Generative Artificial Intelligence and Large Language Model Use

ComplexDiscovery OÜ recognizes the value of GAI and LLM tools in streamlining content creation processes and enhancing the overall quality of its research, writing, and editing efforts. To this end, ComplexDiscovery OÜ regularly employs GAI tools, including ChatGPT, Claude, Midjourney, and DALL-E, to assist, augment, and accelerate the development and publication of both new and revised content in posts and pages published (initiated in late 2022).

ComplexDiscovery also provides a ChatGPT-powered AI article assistant for its users. This feature leverages LLM capabilities to generate relevant and valuable insights related to specific page and post content published on By offering this AI-driven service, ComplexDiscovery OÜ aims to create a more interactive and engaging experience for its users, while highlighting the importance of responsible and ethical use of GAI and LLM technologies.