The Cyber Law Toolkit is a dynamic interactive web-based resource for legal professionals who work with matters at the intersection of international law and cyber operations. At its heart, the Toolkit currently consists of 19 hypothetical scenarios. Each scenario contains a description of cyber incidents inspired by real-world examples, accompanied by detailed legal analysis. The aim of the analysis is to examine the applicability of international law to the scenarios and the issues they raise. The Toolkit was formally launched on 28 May 2019 in Tallinn, Estonia. Its first general annual update was published on October 2, 2020.
NIST has released NISTIR 8286, Integrating Cybersecurity and Enterprise Risk Management (ERM). This report promotes greater understanding of the relationship between cybersecurity risk management and ERM, and the benefits of integrating those approaches.
“Estonia is a cyber country of excellence with a robust cyber defensive system in terms of technology and people. Given their deep expertise, I believe they will have substantial lessons to share, which will be enormously helpful in finding efficiencies in our science and technology efforts while understanding how best to defend against cyber warfare,” said Robert Kimball, the C5ISR Center’s senior research scientist for cyber security. Kimball also noted Estonia is home to the NATO Cyber Defense Center and Cyber Range.
According to NIST in its recently published paper on forensic science challenges and the cloud, “Cloud computing has revolutionized the methods by which digital data is stored, processed, and transmitted.” The paper goes on to highlight that, “One of the most daunting new challenges is how to perform digital forensics in various types of cloud computing environments. The challenges associated with conducting forensics in different cloud deployment models, which may cross geographic or legal boundaries, have become an issue.” The complete paper, NIST Cloud Computing Forensic Science Challenges, published in August of 2020, aggregates, categorizes, and discusses the forensics challenges faced by experts when responding to incidents that have occurred in a cloud-computing ecosystem.
As highlighted in NIST Special Publication 800-207, no enterprise can eliminate cybersecurity risk. However, when complemented with existing cybersecurity policies and guidance, identity and access management, continuous monitoring, and general cyber hygiene, a properly implemented and maintained Zero Trust Architecture (ZTA) can reduce overall risk and protect against common threats.
According to the European Securities and Market Authority (ESMA) Chair, Steven Maijoor, cloud outsourcing can bring benefits to firms and their customers, for example, reduced costs and enhanced operational efficiency and flexibility. Cloud outsourcing also raises important challenges and risks that need to be properly addressed, particularly in relation to data protection and information security. Financial markets participants should be careful that they do not become overly reliant on their cloud services providers. They also need to closely monitor the performance and the security measures of their cloud service provider and make sure that they are able to exit cloud outsourcing arrangements as and when necessary.
According to the recently published Cyberspace Solarium Commission report “Cybersecurity Lessons from the Pandemic,” the COVID-19 pandemic illustrates the challenge of ensuring resilience and continuity in a connected world. Many of the effects of this new breed of crisis can be significantly ameliorated through advance preparations that yield resilience, coherence, and focus as it spreads rapidly through the entire system, stressing everything from emergency services and supply chains to basic human needs and mental health. The pandemic produces cascading effects and high levels of uncertainty. It has undermined normal policymaking processes and, in the absence of the requisite preparedness, has forced decision-makers to craft hasty and ad hoc emergency responses.
According to the publishers, this paper is an aid to quickly checking your own security with regard to the availability of your own data processing within the meaning of Article 32 GDPR. The scope includes both the non-public as well as the public area. The work was created in a collaboration between the Bavarian State Office for Data Protection Supervision (BayLDA) and the Bavarian State Commissioner for Data Protection (BayLfD).
“There are several international standards and guidelines for developing the cybersecurity of a single organization, but it is difficult to find comprehensive tools for national governments. This handbook – National Cyber Security in Practice – is designed to fill that gap. The articles, written by seasoned experts, will give the reader an overview of the key elements that underpin the cybersecurity architecture of any country,” highlighted Arvo Ott, Chairman of the Management Board of e-Governance Academy.
One of the cyber scenarios highlighted in the Cyber Law Toolkit describes the potential use of ransomware against municipal governments and healthcare providers. Given the pandemic and recession constraints in today’s world, this scenario and its potential implications are more relevant than ever and worthy of consideration by legal, business, and information technology professionals.